Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum)
If you are a fan of the magnificent North American outdoors, you’ll want to consider adding native Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) to your landscape. Plant a few as a hedge along the house or in a naturalized area for spring interest. This fast-growing, deciduous shrub has showy spring flowers that bring butterflies by the thousands. Fall color goes through a myriad of colors of yellow, orange, red, and purple.
You’ll love how the flowers appear like small bouquets of tiny white blossoms. The raised stamens give them a delightfully fuzzy appearance that will tempt you to reach out and touch them. Spring flowers in flat-topped clusters give way to bluish-purple fruit drupes that will be a feast for your wildlife. It’s also a Host Plant for several caterpillars, including the fantastic Hummingbird Moth! If not eaten, the fruit may persist through winter for added interest.
Upright and straight, the stems were so straight that Native Americans as arrow shafts. Many types of birds not only eat the Arrowwood Viburnum’s fruit but also use the shrub for shelter and even nesting. What a wonderful, large-growing shrub that has flowers in spring, fruit in summer, and phenomenal fall color! With a multi-season of interest, this hardy plant delivers a showy presence in the landscape.
Why not cut some for your indoor flower arrangements? The quilted, finely-toothed leaves are so attractive and they’ll add a dimensional texture to any bouquet. Add to backgrounds of cut flower gardens, cottage borders, and perennial beds. This persistent, long-lived shrub is used for privacy, to easily screen out unsightly views, and as an excellent hedge plant. Arrowwood also makes a great backdrop to native planting and can be used in Rain Gardens.
If you’re interested in creating an encouraging habitat for wildlife, the Arrowwood Viburnum will be a useful addition to your yard. Its foliage is an important food source for the Azure butterfly and several species of Moths. So create groupings or banks of these shrubs to create not just pollinator refuges but also wildlife and songbird sanctuaries!
Create mixed shrub borders with other Viburnum dentatum to ensure pollination of the flowers so that you and your birds can enjoy the fruit in the fall, sometimes even persisting until winter! You’ll create windbreaks, slow drifting snow, and create shelterbelts for wildlife in the process!
Deciduous Arrowwood Viburnum grows well in full sun to partial shade. It is adaptable to most soil types but prefers moist to wet soils. This native variety is also resistant to bores! Provide moderate moisture and a 3-4 inch layer of mulch around the root system to hold in moisture and insulate the roots throughout the chilly USDA growing zones 3-8.
Wait to prune until after those amazing flowers are finished in spring. It’s rare to need to tip prune, but you can shorten up the ends of branches right after flowering if you’d like. You can also skip tip pruning and renewal prune only if you wish to enjoy fruit for the birds and for winter interest. Renewal pruning removes just the largest, thickest stems from the ground every 3-5 years. This will rejuvenate your shrub and leave the younger, more vigorous stems in place, which will flower nicely for you next spring.
The straight-shooting Arrowwood Viburnum is a hardy plant that shouldn’t give you any trouble and is a good choice for almost any landscape. It’s really just a handsome, healthy plant you’ll be proud to own.
|8 - 10 ft.
|8 - 10 ft.
|Full Sun, Partial Shade