Columbine flowers are a species of the genus Ranunculaceae. This flower produces beautiful petals in various shades, including red, orange, pink, purple, yellow and white. This perennial herb starts to bloom in spring and continues in summer.
Columbine flowers grow best in Zones 3 through 9. USDA. This resistance makes it a popular choice for parks in eastern and northern states. However, this plant is also very good as a potted plant.
Columbine flowers, also known as grandmother dolls or mannequins, come from Canada and the United States. There are other species native to Europe, and many breeders run programs that produce a variety of interesting hybrids for home gardening.
Hybrid varieties provide plant stability and longer flowering periods. The height of the Columbine flower varies depending on the arrangement. The smallest Columbines are only three inches tall, while the largest are only about three feet.
Colombians often take on a two-tone look, with fine stems emerging from ferns. The smell of plants and gardeners find hummingbirds and bees attracted to this plant in the summer.
Where can I plant Colombian flowers?
If you plant Columbine flowers in cold regions of the United States, plant them in garden areas that receive full sun all day. However, if you live in a warm climate, plant your Columbines in a partially shady area that will give plants sunshine in the morning or evening.
Columbines are drought-tolerant plants, but must be planted in soils that offer very good drainage to prevent root rot on plants.
How do you grow flowers from columbine?
- Start your Columbine seeds indoors late in the winter. If you want to sow directly in the garden, you must wait until the first ice falls. Check the list of local ice dates near you.
- Or, you can plant Columbines in early fall after the summer subsides. This strategy allows plants to develop healthy root systems before the weather gets cold.
- If you plant outdoors, work the soil about 6 inches deep. Mix some modifications, such as leaf mulch and sand, to increase the nutritional value and soil drainage. Wet the soil a little before sowing your seeds.
- Sprinkle the seeds on the surface then press with a light touch. Do not cover the seeds when choking. To protect seeds from birds, place vines 12 inches above the ground.
- If you use seeds indoors, gardeners must wait until they see cotyledons or seeds. Once they appear, it is safe to expose plants to direct sunlight.
- Don’t leave the pot on the edge. If the sun touches the glass during rush hour, it can heat the container, stop the germination process and burn new seeds.
Once the first leaf emerges from the seed, it’s time to adjust to the plant to move outside. Do not place plants outdoors immediately.
Separate it into a new environment by taking it out and leaving it in the shade during the day. Then bring pots at night.
After one week from this condition, you can move the seedlings to the flower bed.
Columbines grow in different soils. However, you need to make sure the soil is dry enough so the roots stay dry between watering.
Columbines do not enjoy wetting their feet, and soil conditions that are too moist cause the development of root rot from fungal diseases in plants.
If you are worried that your soil does not have the right pH or inadequate nutrition, take samples for testing in a kindergarten.
When seedlings develop a root system, gently water the plants as the soil begins to dry. It is important not to water the seeds, otherwise they may sink.
After a few weeks until the plant builds a root system, you can gradually increase the amount of water that you give to the plant.
In most cases, Columbines only need water in dry conditions. If it rains once a week, this should be enough to keep your Columbine in good condition.
Colombia will enter a resting phase in the winter. Don’t water your plants during the resting phase, because this can affect growth in the following season.
How do you treat columbine flowers?
You don’t need a lot of care in Columbines during the growing season. However, after you have finished flowering, you can get into other flowers if you kill plants.
Deadheading requires the removal of old flowers as soon as they start to die. With a dead head, you stimulate new plant growth and let the flower set bloom before the end of the growing season.
This plant is relatively short-lived. However, they sow during the growing season. The gardener must be prepared to distinguish the colors of the new seeds. Most hybrid varieties produce seeds of different colors.
Make sure you weed your garden once or twice a week while the seedlings are still young. Weeds compete for space and water in flower beds and inhibit the growth of Columbine flowers. Weeding regularly also prevents diseases and pests from infecting your plants.
How do you spread Columbine flowers?
As already stated, most gardeners will have no trouble growing Columbine flowers from seeds. However, if you have lots of mature plants in your garden, you can multiply new Columbines from existing plants.
These short-lived annual plants only last a few years, so digging and dividing plants can be a fruitless endeavor for gardeners. It’s better to keep plants in their growth cycle and then plant new seeds when old plants in the garden start to die.
If you plant different Columbine varieties next to each other, the plants are pollinated so that the gardener has a colorful display of hybrid varieties.
What are Columbine Flower Varieties?
There are dozens of varieties of Columbine available from online retailers and nurseries. Choose varieties for American parks.
Pay attention to features such as unusual colors, pest resistance and double petals. Columbines have a short root system, which makes it the right choice as a flower border for your garden.
Here are some of the most popular Columbine strains to grow in American parks.
This type is a popular choice for villa-style gardens. This is a great addition to other large and small plants on a flower bed, with a thin green that cannot interfere with other plants.
This variety prefers to grow in partial shade or in pots on shaded balconies. Planting this type in your garden will attract pollinators such as bees and hummingbirds.
Aquilegia caerulea – “Blue Star”
This Columbine variety has an inverted flower consisting of shades of blue with star-shaped petals. The flowers have a contrasting white center and slender spores. Blue star is an excellent choice for gardeners who want to focus on their flower beds.
This tension reaches heights of up to 30 inches, making it a good choice as a border for paths around the park. Blue stars grow naturally around cool US dollar forest areas and are therefore the preferred choice for the USDA zones 3 to 9.
Aquilegia Canadensis – “Wild Red Columbine”
Tourists will often see this trail with colorful tiles in the forest area. They show fig or red flowers with a yellow center.
There are also dozens of European aquilegia varieties. This factory originated in Europe and was naturalized in the United States. That is why there are many beautiful European styles who choose this suit, which grows in cooler regions of the United States. A popular choice is Aquilegia vulgaris.