Black Bamboo Plants For Sale

Prized as a garden ornamental, Phyllostachys nigra (Black Bamboo) is a striking evergreen bamboo with tall, upright, polished black canes that arch slightly at the top. Olive green at first, the culms, 2 in. wide (5 cm), quickly become mottled brown-black before maturing to almost jet black within 2-3 years. Since the culms do not mature at the same time, there is always a rich display of green and black culms. They contrast beautifully with the short and narrow, glossy green leaves, up to 5 in. (12 cm). Vigorous, this running bamboo makes an outstanding specimen or focal point in the landscape. It can also be used as a screen and can be grown in containers. One of the most popular ornamental bamboos. Hardiness: 14 to -4ºF (-10 to -20ºC).


  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society for its outstanding qualities
  • Grows up to 15-25 ft. tall (4-8 m) and 8-15 ft. wide (2-5 m).
  • Full sun or partial shade lover, it is best grown in fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soils. Best planted in an open position. May remain clump-forming in poor or dry soils but can become invasive in warm, moist or optimum conditions.
  • Great choice as an accent plant, for hedges and screens, and containers.
  • Virtually pest and disease-free. Deer are generally not problematic.
  • Remove weak, dead, damaged, or spindly stems in spring and thin to show off stems to best effect. Cut out any flowering shoots promptly to discourage more from forming.
  • Propagate by division in spring.
  • Native to China. Phyllostachys nigra can form dense thickets that displace native species. Once this plant is established, it is difficult to remove.

Black Bamboo Care

Black bamboo thrives in sunny areas with moist, nutrient-dense, well-draining soil. The shallow root system of bamboo means that harsh winds could cause damage or uproot them. Planting black bamboo in an area where it is sheltered from gusty conditions is ideal.

In favorable growing conditions, black bamboo’s rapid growth can cause this plant to dominate your landscaping quite quickly. To prevent this, root pruning or root barriers can be used to keep the plant contained. Root barriers include sheets of fiberglass or polypropylene that are buried up to 36 inches deep to prevent roots and rhizomes from traveling outside of the desired area. If you do not have a large area to allow this running plant to spread, growing in containers is a great option and naturally controls the spread of the bamboo.

This bamboo species is a gregarious flowering bamboo, which means that every black bamboo plant around the world will bloom around the same time. This only happens every 40 to 60 years, and that generation of bamboo dies shortly after. The seeds can be collected and planted to start a new stand of bamboo growth.

Light: Black bamboo is not overly picky when it comes to light conditions. It can be grown in anything from full sun to partial shade.

Soil: Black bamboo loves nutrient-rich soil. Moist, loamy, and well-draining types are ideal for optimum growth. A mix of sand, clay, and silt is a great combination, but black bamboo can adapt to many soil conditions as long as it is well-draining.

To help keep your soil a healthy balance of moisture and well-draining, try adding a layer of mulch around your bamboo.

Water: Black bamboo loves water and will benefit most from a consistent watering schedule. Try to keep your soil moist, but never soggy.

For bamboo plants in a container, you will need to water them more frequently. Depending on the humidity and temperature in your area, you may need to water these plants as often as every other day.

Temperature and Humidity: Considered one of the hardiest bamboo species out there, black bamboo can be grown in zones 7 to 10. Despite being a tropical plant, this bamboo variety can withstand temperatures down to 0 degrees Fahrenheit. This makes black bamboo a perfect choice for northern gardeners.

For those living in areas with harsh winters, black bamboo grown in containers can easily be brought indoors for the colder months. As for humidity, black bamboo is quite tolerant of varying conditions. However, if kept indoors, the occasional misting will ensure better growth and vitality.

Fertilizer: To promote healthy growth, you might choose to fertilize black bamboo for a boost of additional nutrients. Choose a high-in nitrogen fertilizer for the best results; this type of fertilizer is typically best for grasses. Apply fertilizer in the late spring and again in the middle of the growing season.