Blue American Agave

Agave americana, also known as century plant, maguey, or American aloe, is a beautiful flowering plant belonging to the family Asparagaceae. It is native to Mexico and the United States, specifically Texas. This versatile plant is highly sought-after as an ornamental plant and has been cultivated all over the world. In fact, it has been naturalized in many regions, such as parts of the West Indies, South America, Mediterranean Basin, Africa, Canary Islands, India, China, Thailand, and Australia. With its unique and striking appearance, Agave americana is a favorite among gardeners and landscapers alike.

  • Plant Type Cactus – Succulents
  • Plant Family Agaves
  • Exposure Full Sun
  • Height 3′ – 6′ (90cm – 180cm)
  • Spread 6′ – 10′ (180cm – 3m)
  • Water Needs Low
  • Maintenance Low
  • Soil Type Loam, Sand
  • Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
  • Soil Drainage Well-Drained
  • Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
  • Native Plants United States, California, Southeast, Louisiana, Southwest, Arizona, Texas
  • Tolerance Deer, Drought, Salt

Despite its name, the century plant (Agave americana) typically has a lifespan of only 10 to 30 years. Its spread can reach up to 1.8-3.0 m (6-10 ft) with gray-green leaves measuring between 0.9-1.5 m (3-5 ft) in length. Each leaf has a prickly margin and a sharp spike at the tip that can penetrate deeply. As the plant nears the end of its life, it sends up a tall, branched stalk adorned with yellow blossoms that may tower up to 8-9 m (25-30 ft).

Boasting incredible beauty and grandeur, the Agave americana (Century Plant) is a massive, evergreen perennial that produces striking rosettes of thick, blue-green leaves with spiny edges, which can grow up to 6 feet (180 cm) long. As the plant matures, its older leaves gracefully arch down, creating a sense of movement that adds intrigue to the garden. Once matured (at least 10 years old), it bears magnificent flower stalks that can reach a staggering height of 15 ft (4m50), and is adorned with large greenish-yellow flowers. This desert plant serves as a dramatic focal point or accent, and can be displayed in decorative pots placed away from foot traffic.

  • Winner of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society
  • Grows with an upright habit up to 3-6 ft. tall (90-180 cm) and 6-10 ft. wide (180-300 cm).
  • Easily grown in slightly acidic, sandy or gravelly, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates light shade better than some other agaves. Additional water in dry summer months will encourage growth, but do not overwater, especially in clay soils, since too much moisture could cause the roots to rot. Keep in a frost-free area in winter and put it out on the patio or balcony in summer. Extremely heat and drought tolerant.
  • Great for beds and borders, city gardens, coastal gardens, rock gardens, succulent gardens or Mediterranean gardens. Ideal as an accent plant in sunny borders or in decorative containers! Effective as hedges.
  • Plant away from foot traffic: the needle-sharp spines on the leaf tips can be a hazard to humans and pets. Don’t plant this Agave near paths or walkways
  • Attracts hummingbirds and birds but is deer resistant
  • Virtually disease free. Watch for scale insects.
  • Propagation by offsets and by seed.
  • Use caution, safety glasses, long sleeves, long pants, well covered shoes, and gloves when cutting this plant.