Butternut Tree (Juglans cinerea)
Native Butternut Trees (Juglans cinerea), also known as White Walnut Trees, used to be all over the American forest! While overshadowed by their Walnut and Pecan cousins, the native Butternut has an appeal that sets them apart from the rest! We are delighted to be introducing this stronger strain of White Walnuts, grown from a hardy local seed source to your home garden and woodland areas!
The bark is smooth and pale white or gray in color, earning them the White Walnut name, and adding wonderful contrast compared to other trees in the area. The nuts, which have earned their nickname with a rich buttery-walnut flavor, aren’t round like Black Walnuts, instead, they are more barrel-shaped like their Pecan cousins! The nuts grow in green husks that are easy to peel off.
Boasting leaves similar to Walnut trees, the pinnate, tropical-looking foliage provides lush shade. Butternut trees are somewhat slow to establish, but once they get rooted in well, they can add a couple of feet or more of new growth in a single season. They produce gorgeous shade on the lawn, and sweet nutmeats, usually within 6-8 years in optimal conditions. These majestic trees have a long history of use in making furniture and supporting wildlife!
To say that White Walnuts (aka Butternuts) are prolific trees would be an understatement. We hear accounts every year of people filling the beds of pickup trucks, sometimes more than once, in late summer and early fall with the nuts from just one tree! If you don’t enjoy them, we’re sure the wildlife, squirrels, and even many types of birds, enjoy these delicious nuts. The foliage and strong limbs offer incredible roosting and nesting sites.
Butternuts taste great in a ton of different baked goods and snacks! The trees themselves are fantastic shade and specimen trees, they create a majestic silhouette in the landscape! Butternuts grow into a rounded, short, and stocky shape with a wide-spreading, open canopy. Long-lived, these are lasting memorial and legacy trees that will provide grandeur for generations!
Butternut Trees love full sun and moderate moisture, preferring about any type of well-drained soil. Adaptable and hardy throughout USDA zones 3 through 7, these thrive in a wide range of climates. They are relatively slow growing in alkaline soils that are drier. Younger trees, once established, will grow much faster when planted in fertile, well-drained soils. Prune in late winter when dormant and mulch the root zone well to insulate new trees from heat and cold.
It takes a couple of years before you can harvest this buttery goodness from your own trees, but Butternut Trees are well worth the wait!
|Common name||Butternut Tree|
|Botanical name||Juglans cinerea|
|Height||40 - 60 ft.|
|Width||40 - 60 ft.|
|Soil condition||Widely Adaptable|
|Pruning time||When Dormant|
|Flower color||Yellowish Green|