Heritage Birch Tree (Betula nigra ‘Cully’)
Heritage Birch Tree
For a wonderful visual interest, try one of the prettiest, fast-growing shade trees available on the market. Heritage Birch tree (Betula nigra ‘Cully’) grows very fast to provide airy, breezy shade for you and your family.
Heritage Birch can grow very quickly. Young trees can add 3 or 4 feet in a single season!
Heritage is a cultivar of a native River Birch tree with exquisite, peeling, exfoliating bark that is lighter colored than the species. It would do well as a specimen planting for your yard, especially in low areas, or along a pond or stream.
Youll delight in the beautiful tones of creamy white and pink peeling back to expose tan and cinnamon colors. It starts to exfoliate as the trunks reach a 2-3 inch caliber diameter and larger.
The shaggy look is sophisticated, handsome and a bit rugged. It works beautifully with all styles of architecture, from contemporary to traditional. Consider this the perfect accent in a naturalized, rustic setting.
The rough-textured bark certainly makes a wonderful contrast to the shiny, dark green leaves. The rustling, gleaming foliage lofts and sways, catching the slightest breeze. It turns a clear golden-yellow in fall.
Heritage is more insect and disease resistant than other Birch varieties. Its a care-free, hardy tree and an excellent choice for year-round interest in your yard.
Grow them as a single stem plant and they will become narrow and pyramidal in outline. They can also be grown in multiple trunk, clump form plants and the overall outline may be a bit broader than a single stem. Even multiple trunk plants will grow taller than wide.
Using native trees in your landscape design has several benefits. Many types of birds value the Heritage River Birch for nesting, seed and cover. Several butterfly species also value it as a larval food source. But deer tend to leave it alone.
This versatile tree brings a lot of visual interest, from the incredible bark to its lovely, uniform growth habit. Landscape architects for commercial projects are using them to create excellent natural groupings.
For a natural grouping, we recommend that you include both single stem and multiple trunk trees. Plant them 20 – 40 feet apart and vary the spacing between trees.
Try them on a raised berm to heighten the impact. As a bonus, they grow quickly to provide shade and a welcome privacy screen.
This is the tree to spend money on with exterior lighting. Shoot the light upward, along the length of the trunk and up into the canopy. Youll highlight the look of the beautiful bark to bring your yard to life, even at night.
Don’t forget to include some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees. The vibrant bark and fall color will really pop against a backdrop of evergreen trees.
Heritage Birch looks amazing along the edge of a pond or water feature. The reflection is so beautiful, it soothes the soul.
Because this tree can tolerate moist soils, it should be strongly considered to include in Rain Gardens in low areas of your yard. They are designed to trap water runoff from roofs and streets.
Tree roots filter the potentially polluted water before it drains directly into the storm sewer and on to local rivers and streams. Use Heritage Birch in the Mesicor middleZone of the Rain Garden planting.
Municipalities are even using them as street trees. They’ll tolerate extremely tough conditions without a lot of care, fuss or muss. Try them yourself!
Heritage Birch is highly adaptable and is easy to grow and maintain. It grows in wet soils and clay soil. Plant in full sun or partial shade. It will need at least 4 hours of direct sunlight a day.
Although widely adaptable, Heritage Birch trees prefer a slightly acidic soil. Test your soil pH and add Sulphur before planting if the pH is higher than 6.0.
If your soil is high pH alkaline, add a few handfuls of peat moss to the planting soil backfill when planting. Feed it with an acid loving plant fertilizer in early spring.
Establish your young trees by providing a regular amount of water, especially in hot, dry areas. Check the soil moisture by sticking your finger into the soil near the tree up to the second knuckle. Is the soil still moist? Skip watering that day. Is it getting dry? Give the entire root system a long drink.
Once established after the first few seasons, Heritage tolerates some drought. Whenever it gets extremely dry, protect your investment by dropping the hose underneath, Keep your tree stress free with a good soaking.
Provide a thick layer of pine mulch over the root system to help maintain moist soil. Leave at least 6 inches free and clear around the trunks.
Create a temporary fence around your new tree if you live in deer country, or where rabbits are present. You know that hungry animals will sample anything.
Use repellent spray the first day you plant and reapply according to the directions. That’s cheap insurance for your landscape investment. Once the trees reach a good size, deer and rabbits tend to leave them alone.
Heritage Birch tree has a very fast growth rate, and youll want to keep the canopy balanced with strategic pruning. The main goal is to increase sunlight and air circulation into the interior of the canopy.
Its best to wait until after the spring sap rises. Wait to prune after the tree leaves out in spring to avoid dripping sap.
For the best results, create a mulched planting bed for your new tree. You wont stress about twig cleanup, and it makes fall cleanup of the small leaves a breeze.
|Heritage Birch Tree
|Betula nigra 'Cully'
|40 - 60 ft.
|25 - 40 ft.
|Full Sun, Partial Shade