The olive tree, Olea europaea, is the oldest fruit tree and certainly one of the most important fruit trees in history. The olive tree culture has been closely linked with the ups and downs of the Mediterranean empire and other advanced civilizations for centuries. When olive trees provide prosperity and future food supplies for established civilizations, agricultural countries become stable societies, due to the safe hope of past experience with sustainable supply of olive oil and oil.
This factor is a prerequisite needed for population growth and growth. Reliable fruit and olive production means that olive trees must exist in a stable society and a peaceful environment. This stability must last for years because most old olive trees need eight years or more before they can harvest the first fruit. A productive olive grove created the foundations of the great empires of Greece and Rome and developed into complex economic and political forces.
It is interesting to note that the historical decline of these empires was related to the destruction of their olive groves, which reduced the stock of olives, olive oil, olive oil and olive soap available. In connection with the destruction of the olive grove, it is interesting to note that in Israel’s war with Palestine, 50,000 olive trees were destroyed by Israeli bulldozers. This act of destroying agriculture has created considerable anger and unrest in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, because the economic livelihoods of many Palestinian farmers depend on their products from fallen olive trees.
The olive tree is also a symbol of “peace and good intentions,” and when the olive trees near the city of Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus and the “birthplace of biblical history”, were leveled, the removal of the olive trees seemed to be a deliberate provocation. will end. Peace “with Palestinian settlers and farmers.
The Greeks recognized that they should avoid military action and war in their vast empire during the Olympics and announce a ceasefire so that all their attention could be focused on their sporting events and games.
The healing properties of olive oil have been reported by many ancient Greek writers and philosophers, and their importance for the creation of nutrition and prosperity for Greeks continues to be abundant to this day – several olive groves with a million trees or more. Aristotle wrote extensively about a recognized method for successfully planting olive trees.
Greek mythology reports that Athena, the goddess of wisdom and peace, struck her magical spear on the earth and became an olive tree. Because of this, the place where olive trees emerge and grow is called Athena, Greece, the honor of the goddess Athena. Local legend says that native olive trees still grew in sacred sites long after centuries. Residents still claim that all Greek olive trees come from root cuttings that originate from these native olive trees.
Homer claims in his writings that the old olive tree that grew in Athens was 10,000 years old. Homer said Greek courts had sentenced them to death if they destroyed the olive tree. In 775 BC, Olympia, Greece, at the site of the old Olympic stadium, athletes competed and practiced, and the winners were declared triumphantly and crowned with a series of olive branches. Antique gold coins printed in Athens show the face of the goddess Athena, who wore a wreath of olive leaves on her helmet and held a clay pot with olive oil. The Greeks began in 700 BC. With olive cultivation. Holy lights, which were used to illuminate dark rooms at night in ancient Greek culture, were preserved with olive oil. Old olive oil has also been used in sacred rituals to anoint the church at marriage and baptism. Herodotus wrote 500 BC.
That the planting and export of olives and olive oil is so sacred that only virgins and eunuchs are permitted to plant gardens in olive trees. The first olive grove to be documented probably originated in the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete and is said to be around 3500 BC. BC grew. This civilization was the discovery of a Mycenaean olive fossil from 1600 BC BC and later in the Greek Empire. Stort Manning, an archeologist at Cornell University, told Live Science Magazine (April 28, 2005) that the most devastating volcano has occurred on the Greek island of Terra in 10,000 years, after which the city of Akrotiri was completely buried in falling ash. .
The discovery of olive trees and fossil olive seeds buried near the site shows, based on carbon data, that volcanic eruptions occurred between 1660 and 1600 BC. That happened and possibly contributed to the complete destruction of the advanced Minoa civilization (Atlantis) on the island of Crete and possibly led to the formation of the Sahara in North Africa after the evaporation of the forests there.
In the Old Testament of the Hebrew Bible (Gen. 8:11), after the great flood, Noah received olive branches from pigeons as a symbol of the peace and love of God, which remains to this day. In the book of Exodus, Moses explains that God expects olive oil to be used for various rituals performed by Israeli priests. Olive oil is used as anointing oil poured on the heads of kings and priests who recognize their authority as God’s representatives. Many other references to olives can be found in the Bible. Psalm 52: 8 “But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God, and I believe in God’s loyal love forever and ever.” Finally, Jesus had to pray on his last day before the crucifixion in the olive woods in Gethsemane in Jerusalem. Jesus was arrested, taken to court, convicted, crucified and then ascended from the tomb to heaven after His resurrection.
Impressionist artists are very enthusiastic about ancient times and the beauty of olive trees and their productivity, which produced great works by Van Gogh, Cézanne, Renoir and Mathis. The great journalists, writers, and poets of the Bible in the world have immortalized this olive tree like people like Jesus, Milton, Shakespeare, and Lord Byron.
Thomas Jefferson wrote: “The olive tree is the richest gift in the sky.” agricultural production in the United States. “Thomas Jefferson was the US ambassador to France during the Revolutionary War and began importing olive trees and seeds into the southern United States. Excessive humidity in South Carolina and Georgia prevents favorable olive groves from growing well in this area. Jefferson wrote, “The best service a country can do is to add plants that are beneficial to its culture.” . Thomas Jefferson wrote to James Ronaldson on January 13, 1813: “It has been twenty-five years since I sent you (southern planters) two shipments containing about 500 plants from the previous olive tree, the best olive tree in the world.”
The fragrant flowers of a small olive tree and creamy white and hidden in thick leaves. Some varieties pollinate themselves, others don’t. Flowering usually starts in April and can last for months. Wild olive seedlings usually begin to flower and bear fruit at the age of 8 years. Olive trees turn blackish purple when ripe, but some varieties turn green when ripe and some olives turn copper brown. The size of the olives varies, even on the same tree, and the shape varies from round to oval with pointed tips. Some olives can be eaten fresh after they are dried and taste sweet, but most olives are bitter and need to be treated with various chemical solutions before they can be edible. When olives in tree branches become thinner to 2 or 3 per branch, the final size of the olives is much larger. The fruit is harvested in mid-October and must be processed as soon as possible to prevent fermentation and damage.
Olive tree leaves are green gray and replaced in spring after new growth at intervals of 2-3 years. Annual and strong cuts are essential to ensure continuous production. Trees have removed unproductive branches “to make them more fertile” John 15: 2. Olive trees can grow up to 50 feet by stretching their branches by 30 feet, but most farmers trim the trees up to 20 feet to do this ensuring maximum production. Sprouts and new trees emerge from the roots of olive trees, even if they are cut down. It is estimated that some olive trees are more than a thousand years old and most will reach adulthood 500 years.
Olives are usually picked from trees with sticks, harvested mechanically, or by shaking fruit from trees on canvas. Most ripe olives are removed from the tree after most of the fruit changes color. It is important to suppress olive oil in one harvest day, otherwise there will be fermentation or a decrease in taste and quality. Olive oil can be consumed immediately after being removed from the press or used for cooking. Olive oil is unique and unique, with each brand of olive oil having its own character, which is determined by many factors, such as: B. Unique differences in taste in these fine wines. Commercially available olive oil can vary greatly in the aroma and taste of fruit. whether it tastes colored, walnut colored, smooth or soft and the color of olive oil is very different.
Olive oil has many health benefits when it is drizzled while cooking or with a salad. The use of olive oil can improve digestion and increase heart metabolism due to its low cholesterol content. Experts say that consuming olive oil causes a person to grow shiny hair, prevent dandruff, prevent wrinkles, prevent dry and acne prone skin, strengthen nails, stop muscle pain, lower blood pressure and reverse its effects. alcohol.
Olive trees can withstand drought and strong winds and grow well in well drained soils up to pH 8.5. The trees tolerate saltwater conditions. In Europe, olive trees are usually fertilized with organic fertilizer every two years. Alternative wear can be avoided by pruning properly, and in general trees respond very quickly and cheaply.
Olive trees should be purchased that have been vegetatively propagated or grafted, because the seed grown trees will revert to a wild type that yields small olives with an insipid taste. Olive trees are more resistant to diseases and insects than any other fruit tree and, therefore, are sprayed less than any other crop.
The Romans conquered Greece in 146 BC, and the victors took olive secrets to Rome, but since then Greece has remained the greatest exporter of olive oil during the centuries. The olive tree seems to be perfectly adapted for growing in the mild climate of the Mediterranean countries. The trees grow well in dry areas with mild winters and long hot summers, even enduring drought conditions or high winds. The European area of the Mediterranean produces 98% of the world olive oil supply. Olive seed are believed to have been brought to California in 1769 to grow into trees hardy to 12 degrees Fahrenheit. Those olive trees were cultivated in the Franciscan Spanish monasteries.
Even though commercial production of olives in the United States is only 2% of the world market, great interest in growing olives throughout the South has been stimulated by the recent introduction of promising cold hardy olive trees from European hybridizers. Many European immigrants to the United States grow their own olive trees in large pots, that can be moved in and out of the house during seasonal changes.