Initially it was believed that the peach tree, Prunus persica, came from China to the Central Bank via a trade route that was known to extend to Turkey and Iran (Persia). Peach seeds can be used to plant and grow trees in North Africa and Europe, and were finally introduced to America in the mid-16th century. The first appearance of peaches in China began in 2000 BC.
Historians believe that the peach tree was first introduced to US colonial settlements in 1562 by French researchers in areas along the Gulf Coast near Mobile, Alabama, and later by the Spaniards who founded St. Augustine, Florida on the Atlantic coast in 1565. Peach trees are planted with peach seeds imported from Europe to create independent agriculture. Fruit tree products to feed invaders.
The Indians spread the planting of peach trees over a wide area and moved the peach seeds to other tribes living in the interior. This new fruit harvest grows quickly and produces delicious peaches two or three years after planting. The trees are so productive and vital that sometimes peach seeds that fall to the ground from un harvested fruit cause impassable shrubs. The illusion was created by settlers after 1600 that peach trees originated in the United States because they were so vast and so wild everywhere.
Captain John Smith wrote about a peach tree that grew in Jamestown, Virginia in 1629. In 1683, William Penn reported that native native wild peach trees in northern Philadelphia, Pennsylvania were full of fruit.
The first tree nursery in the United States was Prince Nussery of Flushing, New York in 1774, who sold graft peaches to customers. General George Washington attended this kindergarten and bought fruit from them first. Prince Nursery sent a large group of grafted peach trees to Thomas Jefferson’s garden.
President Thomas Jefferson’s role as minister in France before the American Revolution played an important role in importing many new agricultural products from Europe. He was impressed with the aggressiveness and large production of peaches to create a “fence” in 1794 that surrounded the garden that grew in his home in Monticello, Virginia. Jefferson discovered many other uses for the peach tree, such as making brandy in 1782. Jefferson wrote to his grandson Martha in 1818 that the slave was “busy drying peaches for you”.
These dried peaches are called “peach chips” and maintain good nutritional quality even after months of storage. Peaches are blended and mixed with tea to make a delicious drink. In December 1795, Jefferson planted 1,151 peach trees after experimenting in 1807 by planting “Georgia black peach”. This naturalized magic of peaches is planted by Indians throughout Georgia and is a dark red velvet color with a tiger stripe.
This fragrant peach is very desirable because of its rich color and taste. This peach is also a perfect size for peeling and marinating in the pleasure of a southern vacation. This fragrant peach is ideal for making jams, canned goods, dolls, cakes, pies, and ice cream. Jefferson believed that this Indian peach was a cross between a naturalized peach tree and the French peach, sanguinole.
William Bartram, the famous American botanist and researcher, wrote in his book Travels in 1773 about his observations of old peach and plum plantations growing in Georgia, South Carolina and Alabama. Bartram visited the ruins of a French estate near Mobile, Alabama in 1776, and noted: “I came to an old farm when I saw the ruins of an old apartment building, where there are many peach trees and figs laden with fruit.”
Peach trees mainly grow as fruit trees; However, President Thomas Jefferson showed great interest in the barren flowering peach tree, which planted a double flowering tree at his home in Virginia in 1805, which bloomed spectacularly. The flowering peach tree grows tall and is offered a new variety of ornamental peach trees. Planting and flowers with white, pink, red and mint flowers (a mixture of red and white petals). This flowering peach tree is sterile in fruit production and blooms in early spring, loaded with large flowering groups of single or double flowering peach leaves.
Peaches are less popular as fresh fruit than a few years ago, mainly because most commercial varieties (varieties) of peaches are adapted by hybridization to be planted and shipped as hard fruits. The hardness of peaches is important when farmers consider moving peaches from great distances, but hybridization plants have not paid enough attention to the old characteristics of taste, juiciness, aroma and seeds released from pulp.
Another problem affecting the sale of fresh peaches is that workers hired to harvest fruit from the tree are not adequately trained and do not personally deal with the final ripening of the peach into a runny, soft, tasty and delicious fruit. Handle peaches. Peaches are picked too early and too difficult to produce fruit products comparable to backyard gardens, the delicacy of mature trees that are often tried by seniors in their grandfather’s gardens.
Most peaches grown today in commercial gardens are fruits that are harvested when they are too hard and have seeds attached to the pulp called peaches. Peaches with the best flavor gently ripen and the seeds are easily separated from the edible portion. They are called “Freestone” peaches.
Peach trees planted in the United States differ significantly from aggressive, disease-resistant, delicious, and fragrant fruits from early Americans. Over the centuries, the nature of the peach tree’s immunity to insects and diseases has been bred by hybridization, and these traits have been replaced by lower genes that make it difficult to buy fragrant peaches in stores. Alternatives to this problem are buying ripe berries, picking your own garden, or growing your own garden peach that focuses on planting and planting old varieties of non-commercial home garden species.
Peach trees in America have steadily declined over the past 300 years so that life expectancy is only 15 to 20 years or less. This factor is explained by some fruit tree observers because it is caused by a number of factors which are increasing, such as: B. Disease and debilitating by insects on trees and leaves, nematodes and improper soil and drainage.
However, this problem existed in the environment when peach trees were introduced to America. A possible explanation for the decline in peach wood is more related to weak gene immunity resulting from hybridization of peach trees, which focuses on commercial tree production and ends with the initial hard peach of Klingstone, with the superiority of delivery to distant markets.
Peach trees grow into beautiful canopies of dark green, rich green to heights of 6 to 10 feet. Most of the peach trees available in the US have been adapted and successfully planted in more than 30 countries.
The semi-dwarf grafted peach tree self-pollinates before the flower is fully open, and the tree can stand the cold to a negative 20 degrees Fahrenheit; However, delicate red to pink flowers can be damaged by temperatures below 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Some gardens are like light flowers which thin the flowers and produce larger fruit.
When very strong blooms occur, excessive blooms can be removed at 6-inch intervals or by chemical depletion, resulting in a much more valuable fruit harvest.
Growing peaches can grow in different sizes from individual fruits from the same tree, which require significant classification before being placed on the market. Peaches are covered with flooding characteristics, which some manufacturers prefer to reduce or eliminate mechanically before selling.
Nectarines are nothing more than dark peaches, although there are certain varieties of nectarines. In his classic 12-volume book on botanical knowledge from 1921, Luther Burbank in Enhancing Fruits believed that peaches developing from their predecessors were similar to nectarines, where fog, in contrast to unclear nectarines, developed as a protective shield. He suspected Fuza protected fruits from sunlight, moisture, wind, insects, and disease damage. Nectarines, he said, are suppressed by evolutionary constraints because nectarines do not have fog as a barrier.
Nectarine’s cousin, almonds, are crossed by Burbank to produce nectarines with edible almond holes, which are two hybridized crops, one fruit and one edible nut. Burbank also makes many interspecific crosses with nectarines. Peaches are very fragile and bruised when handled roughly.
Peach trees need a number of hours of freezing to disturb sleep and to place good fruit plants. During the season, most states will experience 500 cold hours in winter; In many states, such as Central and South Florida, trees only bear fruit if plants are planted to meet low cooling requirements. It is very important to plant and grow peach trees in well-drained soil.
Fruits taste better when trees are planted in full sun so the light dries the dew on leaves and peaches in the morning. Peach trees must be planted 12 to 15 feet apart and benefit from applying lime and phosphate fertilizer to the soil under the branches. Weeds are prevented in the back garden with strong mulch.
If not, weeds must be pruned or sprayed with herbicides. Usually, various types of peaches are planted to increase the availability and ripening of fruit on the tree. Many plants are recommended for planting, such as: Belle of Georgia, Elberta, Hale Haven, Harvester, Indian Blood Cling, Red Haven, Reliance, Gala, Gold Mai, Southern Pearl, Suwanee, King of Florida, Florida Dawn and many other fertile plants Cold Low in Florida.
Peaches contain antioxidants, which are an important health aspect for maintaining a healthy body. Many websites that recommend eating peaches or apricot holes to prevent cancer should be encouraged to investigate the fact that the seeds contain a toxic organic chemical, cyan, which causes fatal cyanide poisoning, which for many causes sudden death. has people, including Steve McQueen, the famous film actor of the last century.
Peaches are proven to contain healthy levels of vitamin A, vitamin B1, B2, and niacin. Peaches also contain minerals calcium, phosphorus, iron and potassium.
Peach trees can be planted in a variety of dwarf gardens and backyards, and sometimes larger trees bear fruit in the first year of planting, but smaller trees usually start bearing fruit in the third year.