Candlenut trees, ‘Carya illinoinensis’, grow in natural forests in benthic areas near rivers or lakes with nearby overflowing water nearby. Archaeological remains and fossil evidence show that pecans were collected and stored by Indians, native settlers and Americans, and the group now known as “hill builders”. Indians follow the same example and actively collect pecans when European colonies arrive. Candlenut trees are found within their northern boundary along the Mississippi tributary near Louisville, Kentucky. Terra Haute, Indiana; and Clinton, Iowa, which is at the same latitude as Chicago, Illinois.
In 1792, in his book titled Travels, William Bartram reported that he identified the names of American plants and animals and Indian encounters west of Augusta, Georgia, and recorded the walnut tree Juglans exalata which some botanists today call the American pecan tree, but others claim it is hickory, “Carya ovata”. This is one circular argument that can never be resolved to satisfy everyone.
Thomas Jefferson planted hazelnut trees, Carya illinoinensis (beans in Illinois) in his garden in his beautiful home in Monticello, Virginia; and George Washington reported in his diary that Thomas Jefferson had given him “Illinois beans”; Candlenut is planted in Mount Vernon, Virginia, home of George Washington. The trees grow and remain tall gracefully and still spread proudly today. He called agriculture “the most noble profession”.
Candlenut is a plant native to the United States and appears naturally and does not grow anywhere else in the world. Supplies of native hazelnut trees are found in rivers in Texas and in areas around Lower Mississippi near Louisville, Kentucky. Terra Haute, Indiana; and Clinton, Iowa, which is at the same latitude as Chicago, Illinois. Native hazelnut trees also grow in the west such as Oklahoma, Missouri and Kansas. Nomadic Indians transport these beans from their home countries to other parts of the United States and plant beans there as seeds. Some of these trees are planted and survive as Goliath specimens, such as 7-foot-tall seedling stems located on TyTy Breeding Farm in Georgia.
The shape of the walnuts varies greatly; Some are oval and others are long and thin. The size of the nut can be as small as an eraser or 1.5 inches in diameter to more than three inches. Cores can have different sizes in the housing; Some fill poorly or others don’t work at all. Some pecans have a very compact density of nuts so that the shell can be broken down by the swelling pressure generated from the inside, especially after heavy rains at the end of the ripening period, while the beans are still in the tree.
Most gourmets consider the scent of fluffy and runny hazelnut nuts, which, without exception, surpasses all other nuts. Many commercial candlenut peeling operations prefer to use mechanical automatic crackers after the beans have been soaked briefly in overnight shells. This treatment produces the highest “perfect hemisphere” that demands the highest price from the community.
Some peers prefer to wrap small seeds (local pecans) because candy makers or bakers can put beans in their cakes at a lower price because smaller portions of beans cover more pieces of candy than more. big beans. The pecan kernel is unique because it contains a high concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids and oils with high antioxidant content. This oil is so concentrated that the beans are lit and consumed by the oil itself when the stick is lit nearby.
Commercial shellfish prefer to offer “perfect pecan pieces” for sale at their grocery store because large pecans require the highest price. However, small pecans are also a valuable commodity for packaging in plastic bags per kilogram, which often appears in grocery stores in the fall, and is sold in bakeries. Many sweets use these pieces to make unique pecan products such as candy for the divinity of pecans, pecans, roasted and salted pecans, and fragile pecans. Small pieces of peeled pecans are often ground into bowls that can be used in baked goods to provide this pecan to taste.
It’s important for the manufacturer to bring the pecans picked to the market as early as possible in the fall, preferably before Thanksgiving. Market prices for pecans fell after November because shekels and pecan processors had to pack fresh beans and be available for holiday shoppers. Some gardens sell beans that are weighed and packed with shells in the food chain in their hometown or at a roadside fruit kiosk. The price of pecans varies greatly depending on factors such as scarcity, quality and size. In general, however, local candlenut (seedlings) are sold at lower prices than better crops.
The final seasonal prices for beans in shellfish range from $ 1.00 to $ 2.25 per pound in wholesale. Candlenut shell thinness is an important feature when determining the value of hazelnut. The term “pecan paper” refers to thinness which makes it easy to break two nuts placed in a fist, which usually results in “perfect halves”. This thinning of the shell occurs from time to time to the extreme – a variety of candlenut with a thin shell so the walnuts can easily tear between two fingers like nuts. Losses from this extreme smoothness can occur when hurricanes from the Persian Gulf emerge and cause heavy rains.
Nuts swell from the inside and the skin cracks in trees. This is an entry point for diseases that can cause damage or loss of harvest. A storm hit the plant for several years in September before the beans reached full maturity and the raw beans covered with green ropes were blown to the ground, sometimes creating layers several centimeters thick. These nuts are not suitable for storage unless they are fully ripe on the pecan tree to the point outside the neck and turn dark brown or black.
Contamination is not an important factor for candlenut trees in most southern regions and in areas where candlenut trees are native. This is because hazelnut trees can be pollinated by the wind and pollen can be pollinated by trees ten miles away when the wind flow is advantageous for transferring pollen from one tree to another. Some trees, such as the desired candlenut varieties, pollinate themselves because pollen and female flowers mature almost simultaneously. Other types of hazelnut have pollen that ripens too early or too late to pollinate female flowers effectively.
In most naturalized areas of the candlenut area, there are enough candlenut trees to ensure adequate cross-pollination. However, the “desirable” hazelnut is generally considered the best universal pollinator, and most gardens plant one of these pollinating trees at each end of the garden to ensure complete pollination. In the far north and western regions of the United States, it is recommended that candlenut tree buyers receive the best information before deciding which varieties to plant.
Despite the fact that the southern candlenut trees, nuts show surprising cold resistance. Candlenut wood can withstand low temperatures of zero degrees Fahrenheit and drastic and sudden climate change.
Candlenut trees, which produce excellent beans with exceptional properties, paper shells, high quality beans, reliable production and disease resistance, are grafted on local stock (nurseries) to finally produce identical plants from beans harvested from a fruit environment that is cultivated. Studies show that livestock can have a significant impact on tree energy varieties. Most candlenut nurseries plant Moore or Curtis seeds to obtain a balanced and predictable final product that is satisfactory. Early American nurseries found that pecans can be grafted from hickory and walnut trees, both of which are closely related to pecans, but these grafts are unsatisfactory for gardens – only for amateurs.
Candlenut disease for years has caused many native varieties to be pulled off the market. At first, they seemed to be resistant to the famous scabies. This infection causes black spots to appear on the leaves, which can spread to the peanut shells, and then in the growing season, beans can blacken and fall prematurely. Sometimes whole bean plants can be affected or lost during the rainy season and hurricanes, unless trees are often sprayed. Some insects can affect the quality of cooking beans or even cause premature release. However, many gardens now control all problems with candlenut trees through regular spraying and weed control. Zinc, manganese, magnesium, and boron deficiencies in the southeast can be easily controlled by small applications of these elements.
Land speculators planted thousands of hectares of orchards in southern Georgia near Albany in the 1920s with the idea of making huge profits from peanut production. Trees are infected with scabies which seem to mutate and are preferred to attack several varieties, while other varieties show different stages of immunity to the disease. At that time there were no new preventive sprays to protect candlenut trees, but many of these gardens were revitalized to achieve profitable harvests through spraying programs or by caring for trees to avoid sustainable harvests.
In central Georgia, where peach production has grown over the years, many candlenut trees have been planted long distances between peach trees because peach trees have only 10-15 years of age. Peach growers hope that if peach plantations disappear, they will be replaced “in situ” with ripe candlenut trees. Central Georgia has developed into a major producer of high-quality paper pecans based on the knowledge of peach growers and the selection of new and superior varieties of pecans.
Candlenut trees can be harvested commercially by mechanical shakes after the pods turn brown or black on a leafless tree after the first frost. The floor under the hazelnut tree needs to be cleaned and the vacuum mechanism automatically removes dirt particles, twigs, etc., and the nut can be transferred to the field.
Candlenut is reported to contain more antioxidants than other nuts, followed by walnuts and filets on June 9, 2004 in the Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry. Antioxidants help prevent, restore, and reduce oxidative stress – a mechanism that interferes with healthy body function by damaging cells that can cause cancer, heart disease, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s.
Dr. Jose Pena, an expansion economist in Uwalde, Texas, said “consumers prefer pecans over walnuts and almonds,” even though they are bought at higher prices. U.S. Department of Agriculture recommend that residents eat 3 to 5 servings of beans a day to maintain a healthy diet. “Only a handful of pecans contain vitamin E, calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, fiber, and antioxidants more than any other poison.”
Candlenut has a very high concentration of vitamin A, which protects teeth, eyes, and bones and improves general health. Because of the recent interest in nuts as a healthy food, sales of pecans and other nuts have skyrocketed. Candlenut offers delicious and healthy beans on the world market with a lucrative financial reward for those who choose to grow and market products.