How to Plant & Grow Brussel Sprouts for Beginners


Brussels sprouts come from their hometown, Brussels, Belgium. This crisp green temptation tastes amazing, baked or steamed and contains lots of vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

“Brigitte F1” is Brussels’s most popular sprout variety, and inexperienced gardeners get excellent results during the growing season by planting this variety. Bridget does this very well because the sprouts stay closed longer than other species, which allows a lot of harvest at the end of the growing season.


Brussels sprouts are full of fiber and are an excellent source of vitamin D, C and folic acid. Brussels sprouts also contain a high proportion of the polyphenol plant compound known as “glucosinolate”. Food science believes that this compound can have a preventive effect on cancer.

Brussels will grow slowly throughout the season and will reach maturity in 26 to 31 weeks depending on growth and climate conditions. This plant likes cold conditions and this is one of the few vegetables that you can choose from September to early February.

In this guide, we unpack everything you need to know about growing Brussels sprouts this season.

Where to plant my Brussels sprouts?

Select the area of ​​your garden that is exposed to direct sunlight for at least 6 to 8 hours a day. It is also ideal for growing in shady homes or in greenhouses, where large plants are produced which produce many Brussels sprouts.

Brussels sprouts are perennials that prefer a cooler climate. Some strains work well in warmer regions, but this winter plant is best suited for the northern United States. You need to make sure the plants are planted in the fall so that no wind blows on the long stems.

Brussels sprouts prefer hard, nutritious soil to produce tasty sprouts. It is best to let the soil rest at least 4 to 6 months before planting.

Sprouts are a strong plant and grow in most locations, but must be placed in the open in the fall to prevent them from blowing strong winds.

When do you plant my Brussels sprouts?

Brussels sprouts are an excellent choice for sequential planting to ensure you get harvest in fall and winter.

Start planting your first crop in mid-March, then harvest the legacy in early April and May. Distribute your hereditary estate for at least 4 weeks.

How to sow Brussels sprouts?

Start your Brussels sprouts four weeks before the planting date in mid-March. Take a modular planter and plant seeds in each module.

Plant the seeds almost an inch into the bowl and the seeds will germinate in 7 to 12 days. After germinating, the seeds are ready for transplant in the garden 4 weeks later.

If you use a propagation system or heating bowl to support germination, make sure the seedlings do not rotate the spindle. Eventually, your seedlings will appear, pull out the seedlings that are less visible and prepare more energetic seeds for the garden.


How to water Brussels sprouts?

Don’t let the seeds dry before transferring them to the garden. Use a spray bottle to ensure that the soil remains moist during the initial germination and formation phases.

However, gardeners need to maintain the right balance when watering. Excessive use of your seedlings can also cause stunted growth, which increases the likelihood that the seedlings will experience root rot.

After planting Brussels sprouts with Vegeta in a bed, pour it in deeply and let the soil dry for the next two to three days. If the soil is left a little dry between watering, roots will grow as they look for water in the soil.

If you live in a warm climate, water your sprouts every day. If your Brussels sprouts grow in colder climates, watering twice a week is enough to ensure optimal growth.

Superaturature causes overwetting of soil around plant roots. Saturated soil ultimately leads to the development of root rot and the death of your Brussels sprouts.

How can you strengthen Brussels sprouts?

If you start Brussels indoors, you have to adapt to outside conditions. Take a plastic tent or multiplier and place it on a seedling tray to keep moisture and humidity in the air around the plant.

Never leave the seed coat under the sun. Store in a cool and shady place and wear in the room overnight. Repeat this hardening treatment for 10 days.

Remove the plastic tent from the tray one hour early every day. Shorten the time under a plastic tent for an hour until you no longer need the help of a tramp or mini greenhouse.

How to transplant Brussels sprouts?

Brussels sprouts are bigger than you think. They developed a strong root system that likes to spread horizontally. Higher Brussels sprout varieties require up to 30 inches between plants and 30 inches between rows. Smaller Brussels sprouts require 25 inches between plants and 25 inches between rows.

When planting seedlings, dig a hole 1 foot wide and work the soil. Add a little pearlite and compost to the soil that has just been turned on for additional nutrition and to drain water.

Place the seeds in the center of the treated area and press gently to the ground to remove the air pockets. Gently flush to ensure the root ball of the seedlings can recover from the pressure of the transplant.

How do you care about Brussels sprouts?

All brazies prefer to grow in moist and fertile soil. Brussels sprouts require a lot of nutrients to produce tasty and large sprouts.

  • Organic fertilizer is a good idea to sprout all the nutrients needed during the growing season. We recommend fertilizer for chicken manure and seaweed for the abundance of N, P and K that Brussels needs for cultivation.
  • Feed your plants every 4 weeks throughout the growing season and cut the soil for weeds as soon as they appear. Weeds compete for the same resources as your Brussels, and you shouldn’t let them grow and spread in the park.
  • Work the garden fork through the soil every few weeks to improve root ventilation. Giving more air to the roots as they grow will increase the time needed to return to Brussels.
  • Make sure you drop Brussels sprouts in the fall because the heaviest nature of the plant can cause it to fall in strong winds.
  • Place your plants by riding a wooden pole or plastic 2 feet 2 inches from the base and then loosely tie the stems of the plant to the pole with garden teeth.

Do I have to change my Brussels sprouts growth brush?

Brussels sprouts are excellent plants for growing in a uniform planting plan throughout the growing season. If you start planting in mid-March and add a new batch every 4 weeks, you will get a constant harvest in the fall and winter.

Replace your plants in growing areas at any time of the year. Brussels gets a lot of nutrients from the soil, so you have to make sure you change your garden to get the best results. Annual changes in your plants also help prevent pathogens from overwintering in the soil and infect next year’s harvest.

What diseases and pests affect Brussels sprouts?

Brussels sprouts are relatively strong, but like other plants in the garden, they suffer from infections and pests. Some of the most common diseases and pests to watch out for in broccoli are as follows.

  • Cabbage fly root – You will see that it wilts in green, and when you pull plants from the ground, there are white larvae around the roots. This error is a common problem with new transplants.
  • Cabbage caterpillars – butterflies lay eggs under the leaves. When they hatch, caterpillars suck juice from the leaves.
  • Sevci and leather jackets – These pests live underground and eat their plants at night.
  • Lazy – Check the stem for signs of lice sticking.
  • Clubroot’s disease – damages the root system, makes it thick and woody and kills plants. Clubroot infects all nearby brassica and this pathogen can live in the soil for up to 9 years in winter.

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