|Soil Type||Adaptable, Wet|
|Mature Height||40-60 Feet|
|Mature Width||30-40 Feet|
If you are looking for an ornamental tree that is not only beautiful but ideal for all seasons, the River Birch is it!
Features: The most prized feature of the River Birch Tree is its delicate bark. In the fall, the River Birch exfoliates its bark and reveals beautiful and unique colors. Flakes of salmon and cinnamon color are hidden under the light taupe outer skin. The leaves of a River Birch are a triangle shape. They have a broad, round base and a point at the other end. In the fall the leaves turn a greenish yellow color.
The River Birch is resistant to strong winds and ice because of strong branches and limbs, adding to its appeal. This distinctive tree adapts well to various soil types though it prefers acidic soil which allows the birch tree to grow in places others won’t survive. The River Birch also adapts well to wet and dry planting sites. This fast and easy to grow River Birch Tree reaches a height of 40-50 feet with a width of 25-40 feet at its maturity. The River Birch is a very popular tree in most states due to its adaptable nature allowing it to grow in most growing zones.
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Before planting your River Birch be sure you have the right location and conditions for this tree to thrive. Spring and Fall are ideal times to plant. However, if you avoid extreme temperatures you can plant your tree almost any time of the year.
Full Sun is the ideal choice for the River Birch, but as far as soil, this tree is adaptable. This tree tolerates wet soil, but is also drought tolerant once established. Water deeply twice weekly for the first 3 months after planting. This helps the tree’s roots establish properly. After establishing, your tree will only need water during dry periods. Add a layer of 2 to 3 inches of mulch when planting to help keep the soil moist. Do not allow the mulch to touch the trunk as this increases the chances of pests and disease. Fertilize in early spring with a basic slow release fertilizer. River Birch don’t generally require pruning, but, if needed, prune when they are dormant in winter or early spring to remove any dead, dying, or crowded branches, or to maintain shape. The River Birch is deer, pollution, wind, and ice tolerant.
The best way to prevent disease and pests is by providing the appropriate care for your plants. Proper location choice, watering, and fertilization are the keys to your success. River Birch trees don’t tend to have any serious pest problems. Aphids and Sawfly Larvae can affect River Birch trees. They will feed on leaves, but don’t affect the overall health of the tree. You can treat these pests naturally with insecticidal soap. For severe infections you can use pesticides like carbaryl, also known as Sevin. Fungal issues can occasionally arise. Generally, treating after infection isn’t extremely effective. If you have problems yearly, treat in early spring with fungicides to prevent infection. For additional tips, be sure to read our article on Shade tree care.
Plant your River Birch as a specimen tree in the yard or plant in clusters of 3. They are great for uplighting! Give them some room to grow because they will take off after the second year. Azaleas, and hydrangeas work great around this birch tree. Also, don’t forget to add a boulder to your landscape. Place a boulder off the side of the River Birch and it will really set it off!