THE CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES

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Before I deal with garden vegetables separately, I will describe the general planting practices that apply to everyone.

The goals of cultivation are three: to eliminate weeds and stimulate growth by (1) letting air into the soil and releasing inaccessible plant foods and (2) retaining moisture.

Regarding weeds, gardeners don’t need to say from experience how important it is to keep your plants clean. He learned from bitter and expensive experiences so they could get something that looked like the beginning.

He knew that growth one or two days after they were fine, followed by a rainy day or two, could easily double or triple the work of cleaning onions or carrot stains, and that weeds had arrived where they were. Weeds have reached the size that cannot be released from sown plants without causing major injury. He also realized, or had to realize, that growth meant plant foods stolen from the legitimate roots of his harvest every day.

Instead of letting weeds go with plant foods, it should be given more, because tillage is clean and often not only destroys the soil mechanically, but also releases air, moisture, and heat, which is very important for the application of these chemicals. Required conversions are not accessible in available plant foods.

THE CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES

Long before the knowledge of this case was discovered, tillers learned the importance of loosening the soil well for planting. Even weak and uncontaminated natives ensure that divers do not only put bad fish under a hill of corn, but also press their shells on it. Plants must breathe. Your roots need air. You can also hope to find a pink glow of happiness on a slave’s cheek in a cotton factory to expect healthy, lush greenery in a steamed garden.

Important, because the question about air is whether water is next to it. At first, you might not see what aquaculture is. But let’s stop for a moment and see it. Take a piece of bleach paper, dip one end into the water and watch the humidity go up the hill, and dip the oil. The scientists found that the “capillary attraction” of water bypassed the invisible small tubes formed by the texture of oil. Now take a similar cut, cut across, hold the two ends tightly and try again. Moisture refuses to cross the line: connection is lost.

Likewise, water that is stored on the ground after rain immediately starts flowing into the atmosphere. What first evaporates on the surface and what is immersed begins to seep through the floor to the surface.

This leaves your garden through millions of earth pipes, as safe as if you had a two inch pipe and a gasoline engine, and pumped it into the gutter day and night! Save your garden by stopping trash. The easiest thing in the world is to cut the pipe in half. Cultivating the surface regularly, which is no more than 1 to 2 inches deep, will destroy the bottom tube of most small vegetables and keep the mulch of dust. Try to cover every part of your garden every ten days or two weeks, especially if it’s not shaded.

Is that working too much? You can get past the hoe on your bike and keep the dust mulch as fast as possible for permanent protection. As you wait for weeds, you almost have to crawl, damage more or less by interrupting your growth, losing all the plant-based food (and they take the cream) they have consumed, and actually spending more time on more. different jobs. If a beginner in gardening is not sure of the facts, there is only one thing that can convince him of that experience.

After giving so much space to a problem that is of constant concern to this problem, the question of the method naturally follows. Choose a bicycle. The simplest type not only saves time and work without limits, they also do the job better, far better than by hand. You can grow good vegetables, especially if your garden is very small, without this labor savings, but I can assure you that you will never regret the small investment you need.

With a wheel hoe, maintaining ground mulch is very easy. If a person does not have a motorcycle, the head of the uterus can work very quickly for small areas.

The problem of removing weeds from rows and between plants in rows is not dealt with immediately. If manual labor is needed, ask to be done immediately. Here are some practical suggestions for keeping this work as minimal as possible: (1) Take this job when the floor is soft; After the rain begins to dry, the best time is.

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Under such conditions, weeds are pulled to the roots without slacking off. (2) Search for a line of motorbikes just before weeding, cut the braids but as close as possible, and leave a clearly visible narrow line that needs to be knitted by hand. The best tool for this purpose is a double wheel hoe with discs attached or a hoe for large plants. (3) Take care not only to remove weeds, but also to destroy every inch of the ground surface.

It is equally important that weeds that have just germinated are destroyed and larger weeds are removed. A weed or a sweep of a finger destroys a hundred weed seeds in less than a weed can be removed once it has a good start. (4) Use one of the small hand weeds until you get it. Not only can more work be done, but your fingers also avoid unnecessary use.

Skilled hoe management can only be obtained through practice. The first thing you must learn is that you only need to keep an eye on the wheels: paddles, disks or paddles look after themselves.

The “hill” process is preparing the soil around the stems of a growing plant, usually during the second or third hoe. That is the practice of throwing away everything that can be thrown “on the brow”, but gradually being rejected because of what is called “airplane culture”; and you will easily see the reason for what has been said about water vapor leaking from the ground; Of course, the two sides of the hill, which can be represented by an equilateral triangle with a horizontal side, provide a more open surface than the plane represented by the base. Hilling can be recommended in wet soils or seasons, but the opposite is very rare. This has an additional disadvantage making it difficult to maintain mulch, which is very desirable.

Crop rotation.
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There is one more thing to keep in mind when each vegetable is doing its best, which is crop rotation or tracking each vegetable with a different type on the next planting.

For some vegetables like cabbage, this is almost necessary and almost everyone helps. Even onion, which is believed to be a clear exception to this rule, is healthier and functions the same as some other plants, provided the soil is smooth and rich like the previous onion plants.

Here are the basic rules for crop rotation:

(1) Plants from the same vegetable or vegetables from the same family (such as beets and cabbage) should not be followed.

(2) vegetables that feed near the surface, such as B. corn, must follow deep-rooted plants.

(3) Vines or leafy plants must follow the root plants.

(4) Fast-growing plants must follow plants that occupy the soil throughout the season.

This is a principle that must determine the rotation that must be followed in individual cases. The right way to familiarize yourself with this problem is to make a planting plan. Then you have time to fix it and you have to think about it for years to come.

Given the advice and use mentioned above, it will not be difficult to pay special attention to the plants they need to do their best.

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