“That’s a rose, rose to the end.”
“What’s the meaning of a name?” What we call roses; Another name will smell very sweet. “”
- William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, Act 2 Scene 2
Roses have a long and colorful history. According to fossil evidence, roses are 35 million years old. Today there are more than 30,000 varieties of roses and have the most complex family tree of all known types of flowers.
Cultivation of roses probably began around 5,000 years ago in Asia. Since then, they have become part of human experience and the mention of flowers has been woven into many, many ancient stories.
And there are so many beautiful stories that contain roses of all ages that we can recognize.
Greek mythology tells us that Aphrodite gave the name of the rose, but he created the flower goddess, Chloris. One day when Chloris was cleaning the forest, she found a lifeless body of a nymph. To correct this sin, Chloris turned to Aphrodite, the goddess of love who gave her beauty. Then he called Dionysus, the god of wine, who added nectar to give it a sweet aroma. When it was their turn, the three graces gave Chloris charm, brightness and excitement. Then Zephyr, the west wind, blew the clouds so that Apollo, the sun god, could shine and make flowers bloom. And so does the rose …
In another story, the ancient Hindu legend, Brahma (the creator of the world) and Vishnu (the patron saint of the world) fight over whether the lotus is more beautiful than a rose. Vishnu supports the rose, while Brahma supports the lotus. But Brahma had never seen a rose before, and when he did, he immediately gave up. As a gift, Brahma created a bride for Vishnu and called her Lakshmi – it consisted of 108 large rose petals and 1008 small.
A few thousand years later, on the other side of the world on Crete, there were frescoes from 1700 BC. BC, which represents a rose with a five-pedal pink flower. The discovery of a tomb in Egypt revealed a bouquet of flowers, including roses. The bouquets at Havara’s tomb (discovered by British archeologist William Flinders Petrie) date from 170 AD and are the oldest living records of roses.
Roses later became synonymous with the worst excesses of the Roman Empire when farmers were forced to plant roses rather than food crops to meet the demands of their rulers. The emperors filled their pools and fountains with rose water and sat on rugs made of rose petals for their celebrations and debauchery. Roses are used as confetti during celebrations, for medicinal purposes and as a source of perfume. Heliogabalus likes to bathe his guests with rose petals falling from the ceiling during celebrations.
In the 15th century, the factions struggling to conquer England used the rose as a symbol. White roses symbolize York, and red roses symbolize Lancaster. Not surprisingly, the conflict between these factions is known as the Wars of the Roses.
In the 17th century, roses were so popular that roses and rose water were considered legal tender. In this capacity, they are used as barter in the market and for all payments that must be made by ordinary people for royalties. Napoleon’s wife, Josephine, loved roses so much that she made an extensive collection at Chateau de Malmayson, a large house seven miles west of Paris. The park with more than 250 varieties of roses is the setting for Pierre Joseph Redoutet’s work as a botanical illustrator. Here Redoubt completes the Les Rose watercolor collection, which is still considered one of the best botanical illustration notes.
Cultivated roses were only introduced to Europe at the end of the 18th century. This introduction originates from China and represents many flowers, which makes it very attractive to hybrid growers who no longer have to wait for roses to bloom once a year.
After this introduction today, experts tend to divide all roses into two groups. There are “old roses” (roses that were cultivated in Europe before 1800) and “modern roses” (roses that were cultivated in England and France around the beginning of the 19th century).
Until the beginning of the 19th century, all roses in Europe had shades of pink or white. The romantic symbol of our red roses first came from China around 1800. A few decades later, unusual green roses arrived.
Bright yellow roses came into the range around 1900. This discovery was attributed to Joseph Permet-Ducher from France. After more than 20 years of planting roses in search of hard yellow varieties, luck changed when one day he found a mutated yellow flower in a field. We have had yellow and orange roses since then
Roses are a phenomenal plant and are known as “the world’s favorite flower”. No other flower has enjoyed the same popularity as a rose in the past five years. In temperate regions, roses continue to grow like other ornamental plants and, like cut flowers, become fashionable forever.
An estimated 150 million plants are bought by gardeners around the world each year, and sophisticated breeding programs have produced plants that dominate the global cut flower market. Annual harvest is calculated in tons. Mawar also contributed greatly to the perfume industry.
Mawar has an ancient bloodline and is closely intertwined with our history and culture. That rose and is described as a motif in many national symbols. This has been adopted by many political groups and even companies and several international events. No wonder that many beautiful rose varieties are highly valued and cultivated by hobby gardeners around the world.