Basil stimulates the aroma in food. Mix this summer’s concoction in a tomato cocktail, add the whole leaf to a Thai soup dish and sprinkle generously with a Caprese salad. Fresh Basil is a culinary concoction in the kitchen for professional chefs and chefs and it’s easy to grow on your own.
Basil grows well under most climatic conditions and is suitable for growing at home and outside the park. Take your basil from the herb garden indoors or outdoors a few seconds before adding it to your diet – is there a way to feel it fresher?
In this short guide to growing basil, we will give you everything you need to know about growing this delicious and fragrant herb.
Why plant basil?
We can certainly proceed with the cost of buying basil, but let’s face it, most of us only spend a few dollars each year on herbs at the grocery store. The real benefit of growing basil at home is that you control the growth process and your basil is fresh, not weeks at the store (though dried basil is a good herb that you can add to many dishes).
When your basil starts producing, you can collect about half a cup of the herb every week. If you plant basil, you don’t need a large vegetable garden to plant herbs. Create an herbal garden on the ledge and plant your basil. The herb grows well as long as there is light and moisture.
Many basil varieties available. However, the most popular types are “sweet basil” or “Genoese basil”, but there are many other varieties, each with unique properties. Other popular choices are the globe, lemons and Thai basil.
Basil is different from most other herbs because it is an annual spice, not perennial like the others. This herb is sensitive to cold climates, so the best time to start planting is the first week of May.
Basil is an excellent nutritional supplement, but also has value as a natural remedy for various diseases. Mix fresh leaves with raw honey to get a strong and soothing antibacterial cough syrup that tastes amazing.
The basics of basil cultivation
All basil varieties are easy to grow and even inexperienced gardeners will have no trouble growing the herb. All plants need is a little sunlight, moisture and well-nourished soil. If you live in a cooler climate, you can plant basil in full sun, while preferring shade in warmer areas.
You will find that basil requires more water than other Mediterranean spices, and you need to make sure the soil remains moist at all times. Water the basil in the morning and keep it hydrated throughout the day.
Feeding your basil plants every month produces fertile leaves and pinches the tips of young plants to encourage bush growth.
If you plant basil in a vegetable garden, it is a perfect companion plant for tomatoes, which improves the taste and color of the fruit and keeps insects away from aphids. Plant basil as a barrier around your vegetable garden and protect it from pests that want to enjoy your product.
Basil is suitable for growing outdoors in a herb or vegetable garden or indoors. As long as you give the plant water, soil and light, it has everything you need to produce smooth, fragrant basil leaves.
Gardeners can plant basil directly from seeds because they germinate easily and germinate easily. When planting seeds, start indoors at least 6 weeks before the last frost. Check the list of local ice dates near you.
Basil is very sensitive to cold, so make sure you finish harvesting before the end of autumn if growing outdoors. When planting or pruning seedlings, ensure that the temperature is above 70 ° F.
Although it’s easy to grow basil from seeds, planting cuttings is also an easy way to grow your favorite herbs.
Select the 4-inch part of the mature basil plant that has just begun to bloom. Cut the stem at an angle of 45 degrees and leave it in the water. No need to add root hormone when cutting.
You will see the roots in 7 to 10 days and you can plant cuttings directly in the garden as soon as the roots are large enough to take soil.
Gardeners need to ensure that when they grow inside or outside their homes they use well-drained and nutritious soil.
Basil likes to grow in pH neutral soils to get the best results. Add rich compost to the small garden floor and stir well. Add some pearlite to the mixture to increase ventilation and moisture retention in the soil.
This is for all soil changes that you need to grow the best basil at home. If too much improvement is added to the soil and fertilizer, the basil will lose its sweet taste.
Basil is best suited for warm climates where around 6 hours of sunlight is exposed every day. Plant your basil in the eastern part of the park or to the window to the east to prevent the sun from stinging your basil.
Add water from basil when the soil feels dry. However, you should be able to insert your finger an inch into the ground and feel the humidity at all times. When the soil dries, your basil becomes permanent and loses its color and aroma.
When watering, make sure your water is around the base of the plant and not on the leaves. Watering the leaves can cause disease and attract pests to the plant.
Removal of your basil
Basil can grow up to 24 inches depending on the variety. Gardeners can place plants about 12 to 16 inches apart for the best results. For those who plant basil in a container, keep smaller types, like spicy balls that grow on small hills.
Accompany plants for your basil
As already mentioned, basil is an excellent companion plant for indoor and outdoor parks. Planting basil protects insects and helps other plants thrive in the garden. Some gardeners swear that growing basil with tomatoes makes tomatoes sweeter.
Plant your basil along with other plants such as lettuce, chamomile, oregano, and paprika. The aroma of fresh basil even works very well on mosquitoes.
Harvest your basil
One of the best things about growing basil for cooking is that it is a plant. You do not have to collect all the basil leaves at once, just select the leaves that are ready to harvest. If you grow basil outdoors and find that your plants are shrinking at the same time, you may need to plan a mass harvest.
You can harvest basil just like you use mint. Lower the stem above the knot where the two leaves meet. Trimming your basil regularly will make it grow into rounded, less leg shapes.
Always make sure you harvest basil leaves before the plants start flowering. If you still have leaves that you want to cook, pinch the flowering plant parts until they appear. Basil flowers are edible, but if you remove them from plants, they can focus their energy on producing delicious leaves.
If you want plants to continue to produce leaves, harvest only 2/3 of the plants at a time.
Pests and diseases that affect basil
Some of the most common pests to be aware of when planting basil indoors or outdoors are as follows.
- White flour mushroom
- Various fungal and bacterial diseases of stems, leaves and roots
Unfortunately, basil is susceptible to many fungal and bacterial infections such as gray fungus, WPM, fusarium wilt, and black spots. Seeds can also be steamed.
Avoid problems with diseases related to your basil by waiting for the weather to heat up before planting. Don’t overfill the plant because this also promotes disease in your basil.
Japanese beetles can also eat the leaves and you can control them by picking them from plants.